Penile Cancer

Penile cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the penis. It is usually rare and a slow-growing cancer if caught early before further spreading. The chances of survival are high, and around 75 percent of men diagnosed with penile cancer will survive the disease. Unfortunately, most men tend to ignore potential penile cancer symptoms for some time, which leads to a subsequent delay in diagnosis. Penile cancer is usually found on the glands or foreskin of the penis but can also occur on the shaft of the penis. Almost all penile cancers begin in the skin of the penis.

Urethral Stricture

A urethral stricture involves scar tissue that causes a narrowing of the urethra — the tube that passes urine from the bladder out through the penis. Strictures can be mild or severe and affect the tissue surrounding the lining of the tube. Scar tissue causing the stricture can be the result of infections (inflammatory), prior instrumentation (iatrogenic), trauma, or sometimes the cause is unknown (idiopathic).

Prostate Cancer

Cancer of the prostate is the most common type of cancer among American men. It is estimated that one out of every 10 American men will develop prostate cancer before the age of 85. The risk of developing prostate cancer greatly increases with age. It rarely occurs in men younger than 40. The cause of prostate cancer remains unknown. Several factors associated with a higher rate of prostate cancer, however, have been identified. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age. Family history of prostate cancer in a brother or a father also doubles one’s chances of getting prostate cancer. There may be evidence a high-fat diet is associated with developing prostate cancer.

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer occurs in the testicles (testes), which are located inside the scrotum, a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Compared with other types of cancer, testicular cancer is rare. But testicular cancer is the most common cancer in American males between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments or a combination.

Kidney Stones Medical Therapy

Patients who suffer from recurrent stones may benefit from a medical workup. This may include stone analysis as well as blood and urine tests. Your doctor will decide which tests are appropriate for you. In some patients these tests may reveal abnormalities in your blood or urine, which may predispose you to kidney stones. Sometimes these abnormalities may be corrected with medical therapy, which can help prevent stone growth and recurrence.

Kidney Stone Surgery

For large kidney stones that can’t be effectively treated with lithotripsy or ureteroscopy, your urologist can perform a minimally invasive surgery through a 1-centimeter incision in your back. Using a scope and special tools, the urologist can break apart the stone and suction it out. This typically requires hospitalization at least overnight.

Peyronie’s Disease

Peyronie’s disease is a condition associated with scarring of the elastic covering around the erectile tissue in the penis. This can cause penile curvature, pain to both the male patient and his partner, sexual dysfunction and sometimes erectile dysfunction. Peyronie’s disease can decrease quality of life, causing stress and depression. Unfortunately, many men with Peyronie’s disease are embarrassed and choose to suffer in silence rather than get help.

Enlarged Prostate

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate that blocks the flow of urine through the urethra. As men age, the prostate cells gradually multiply, creating an enlargement that puts pressure on the urethra — the “chute” through which urine and semen exit the body. Symptoms can include trouble with urinary retention, bladder stones and urinary and kidney infections. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medicine and surgery.

Male Infertility

Male infertility is any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. A male factor is solely responsible in about 20 percent of infertile couples and contributory in another 30-40 percent. An initial screening evaluation of the male partner of an infertile couple should be done if pregnancy has not occurred within one year of unprotected intercourse. If pregnancy has not occurred in six months and the female partner is greater than 35 years of age, a workup is also warranted. An earlier evaluation may be warranted if a known male or female infertility risk factor exists or if a man questions his fertility potential.

Testosterone Deficiency

Testosterone is a hormone produced by the body and contributes to the development of the sexual organs as well as muscle development and body hair. Normal levels of testosterone contribute to energy, sexual function, mood and libido (the sexual drive). However, in some men, this system fails due to a number of reasons. This condition is called hypogonadism and can result from a variety of causes, including side effects from certain medications and testicular injury. Whatever the cause, low testosterone levels can result in decreased sexual desire, diminished energy and depressed mood.